What Does the Term Mitigating Circumstances Mean in Law
Johnny was recently arrested for speeding and, after being checked for alcohol by the officer, he was convicted of driving under the influence of alcoholic beverages. Johnny has no criminal record and it seems that he has some kind of mental disability. He returned from a party and one of his friends decided to influence him to drive in this state as a challenge. Circumstances that may be taken into account by a court in determining the fault of a defendant or the extent of damages to be awarded to a plaintiff. Mitigating circumstances do not justify or excuse a crime, but can reduce the severity of an indictment. Similarly, the recognition of mitigating circumstances for the purpose of reducing damage does not mean that the damage has not been suffered, but partially mitigated. If the mitigating circumstances of a case outweigh the aggravating circumstances, the judge is likely to be less aggressive in his or her decision. Therefore, presenting the mitigating circumstances behind a crime can become an important tool when serious criminal charges are laid, and in some cases, it can even mean the difference between life and death. “Extenuating circumstances Merriam-Webster.com Legal Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, www.merriam-webster.com/legal/mitigating%20circumstance.
Retrieved 11 October 2022. Since Johnny is defined as mentally incapable of recognizing the threats of such situations, the judge sentenced him to only a few months of community service and revoked his license for two months, given the mitigating circumstances. This is a much less severe penalty than the one provided by law for such illegal acts. Definition: Extenuating circumstances are a series of situations that have influenced a person`s decision to commit an illegal act. These circumstances are taken into account by the courts in assessing the duration or severity of a particular legal sanction. In criminal cases where the death penalty may be imposed, the Supreme Court has held that under the Eighth and Fourteenth Amendments, jurors must be instructed to consider mitigating circumstances such as youth, mental capacity, or childhood abuse of the accused so that they can reach a reasoned and moral decision on the sentence. (See Penry v. Lynaugh, 492 U.S. 302, 109 pp. Ct. 2934, 106 L.
Ed. 2D 256 .) Extenuating circumstances may be used to reduce the indictment against an accused. In Menschen v. Morrin, 31 Mich. App. 301, 187 N.W.2d 434 (1971), the Michigan Court of Appeals quashed Morrin`s conviction for first-degree murder and found her guilty of committing the murder in the heat of passion caused by appropriate legal provocation. The Court found that because of these mitigating circumstances, there was insufficient evidence to support a conviction for first degree murder, which requires intent. In civil actions, mitigating circumstances may be considered to reduce the damages or extent of the defendant`s liability.
In Cerretti v. Flint Hills Rural Electric Cooperative Ass`n, 251 Kan. 347, 837 P.2d 330 (1992), the Kansas Supreme Court held that a court may, in reviewing damages, consider any mitigating circumstances affecting the defendant`s intent, financial value, or the plaintiff`s expenses. Many states allow defendants in defamation suits to prove mitigating circumstances by demonstrating that they acted in good faith, with honest intent and without malice in speaking or publishing the defamatory statements. If the court is satisfied that there were justified mitigating circumstances, it may reduce the damages payable by the defendant. In Roemer v. Retail Credit Co., 44 Cal. App.3d 926, 119 Cal. Rptr.
82 (1975), the defendant asserted that the plaintiff had disfigured the wall of his office, thereby reducing his liability for defamatory statements. However, the court did not allow the defendant to produce this evidence because it could not prove that the plaintiff was responsible for the degradation. In criminal law, mitigating circumstances are factors that help reduce an offender`s guilt and encourage the judge to be more lenient in sentencing. Negative mitigation, on the other hand, aims to highlight difficulties or difficult circumstances that may have led the defendant to commit the crime. For example, details about growing up in an abusive home or a history of mental illness are examples of mitigating circumstances that can be used to argue for a lighter sentence. Taking these factors into account, a judge may either reduce the sentence or length of detention or order special treatment such as house arrest or solitary confinement in a psychiatric hospital. The extent to which a mitigating circumstance is recognized and included in the judgment varies considerably depending on jurisdiction, judge and fact. In some special situations, a mitigating circumstance may lead to an acquittal, but this is not a common verdict.
Individuals who do not have a criminal record or criminal record are generally punished with less severe penalties because their misconduct is generally the result of mitigating circumstances. n. in criminal law, conditions or events that do not excuse or justify criminal conduct, but which are considered unjustified on grounds of leniency or fairness in deciding the degree of offence charged by the prosecutor or in influencing the reduction of sentence in the event of conviction. Example: A young man shoots his father after years of being beaten, belittled, insulted and treated lovelessly. The “heat of passion” or the “diminishing of capacity” are forms of such extenuating circumstances. Such elements shall not be considered as grounds justifying or exempting the accused party from being appropriately punished for his or her actions. Instead, these situations are included in the sentencing process in order to give the person certain facilities in terms of sentencing. A person with a developmental disability, an unhealthy home environment, a young age or a certain illness is considered to be subject to extenuating circumstances. When determining a sentence or misdemeanor, judges assess these mitigating factors as well as the aggravating circumstances that arise.
Unlike mitigating circumstances, aggravating circumstances increase the guilt of the accused and favour heavier sentences. Some examples include a lack of remorse, a leadership role in crime, or a history of criminal behavior. There are two types of criminal mitigation: positive mitigation and negative mitigation. Subscribe to America`s largest dictionary and get thousands of other definitions and an advanced search – ad-free! When using positive mitigation measures, lawyers attempt to paint a positive and more holistic picture of the accused. To do this, they can talk about their dedication to family, hard work, or loyalty. This strategy uses the positive qualities of the accused to demonstrate that his illegal actions were completely atypical. Spolin Law P.C.`s success rate is based on our strong desire to win every case we handle. Call us or contact us online to find out how we can handle your criminal complaint.